Rakhi Making was organized on 25th August’ 2015 by KIIT College of Education, one of the best engineering college India. All the students of B.Ed. were enthusiastically participated in the activity and prepared a variety of beautiful Rakhi's that were made from colorful threads, beads, feathers, paper quilts. They have used colorful sheets and other materials to decorate their Rakhi items. The focus of the activity was to develop their creativity and Power of Innovative Thinking. Immense creativity was exposed out of this activity. The feedback regarding their innovative work was given in form of appreciation to each participant.
Tuesday, 25 August 2015
Monday, 24 August 2015
Today's Program started with the Interaction of Prof. (Dr.) G.S. Sodhi with the students. He is the Associate Professor of Chemistry and coordinator of Forensic Science unit at Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur Khalsa College of University of Delhi and a leading forensic expert who has developed processes to aid in the retrieval of fingerprints compromised by adverse conditions guided students with his topic “Applications of Chemistry in Mitigating Crime”. He explained that water, inorganic and organic constituents of sweat may be selectively fixed using silica or charcoal to give a coloured derivative but this technique is limited and cannot be applied to old fingerprints destroyed by nature. Nano particles of alumina (used in chromatography), Fluorescent dye – eosin Y (used in lipsticks, nail polishes), Hydrophobic extract of gawar bean seeds (used as vegetable, cattle feed) actively seek out oil from the smallest fragment and fingerprints can be obtained on absorbent as well as non- absorbent materials. He lucidly explained that adhesive tapes pose a challenge to finger print detection but a technique “Neutron Activation Analysis” gives results for all such fingerprint nuisance. Through photographs of fingerprints of solved cases he highlighted the detection of destroyed fingerprints on moist metallic and polymeric surfaces kept in water for 36 hours, fingerprint marks on revolver and weapons and cases of suicide or assassination. He also gave a brief explanation of the Iron secreted with sweat that combines with reagent based on coordination chemistry. Along with the examples of solved case he lucidly explained the methods involved in detection of fingerprints obtained separately from different surfaces. The students gave overwhelming response and were fascinated by this lecture. Almost every student curiously asked about other chemicals which can be used for detection, fake prints, about crime investigations through fingerprints and how the culprit is captured. His lecture was fascinating as the students became aware of the actual investigations done by the forensic experts on the crime scene.
Prof. Akhil C. Banerjea
The session started with the mesmerizing lecture by Dr. Akhil C. Banerjea, currently a Senior Scientist/Chair of Virology Department at National Institute of Immunology, New Delhi, India. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences, and Fellow of the Indian National Science Academy (INSA) India. He shared his experience with the topic “Genetic Diversity of HIV-1 Genes in North India and Gene Therapeutic approaches”. He explained that HIV-1 enters the host cells using CD4 and chemokine receptor CCR5/CXCR4. An individual with Delta 32 mutation in CCR5 are protective and is being used as a specific anti-HIV-1 antiviral approach.HIV-1 has evolved novel strategies to escape or degrade host restriction factors which ensures virus growth. HIV-1 accessory proteins (Nef, Vpu, Vif, Vpr) have profound effects on HIV-1 pathogenesis. While Nef degrades p53, Vpu stabilizes p53 in a B-TrCP dependent manner. This stabilization correlates with the extent of apoptosis in human T-cells. Micro RNAs (miRNAs) are a class of small non-coding RNAs that constitute an essential and evolutionarily conserved mechanism for post-transcriptional gene regulation. Recently, several viral mechanisms for escaping antiviral RNAi has been discovered which includes suppression of RNAi, mutational escape from RNAi and modulation of the cell’s micro RNA (miRNA) profile. Similar to plant and insect viruses, several mammalian viruses encoding RNAi silencing suppressors (RSS) have been described. He explored in detail whether HIV-1 infection-specific outcomes could be influenced by RNAi-mediated effects. Arginine Rich Motif (ARM) of HIV-1 Tat and Rev are extensively studied linear motifs (LMs) that are essential for HIV-1 gene expression. HIV-1 thus can reshape host cell micro RNA profile to its own advantage. The mechanistic elucidation of HIV-host micro RNA interplay will help in further understanding of host pathogen interactions and might help in developing novel biomarkers and therapeutics. HIV-1 gene expression and replication critically depends upon the levels of Tat and Rev. He showed how Rev controls the levels of Tat protein via indirect mechanisms.
Students solved their queries with the questions raised on the difference between HIV-1 and HIV-2, Difference between disease and syndrome and many more such questions.
HANDS ON TRAINING SESSION IN LABS:
A lab session was initiated by dividing students into 5 groups. The students were demonstrated various information regarding the laboratory apparatus.
The students participating in the INSPIRE Science camp visited satellite communication lab in the afternoon August They were first explained the functioning of 3 components of the satellite communication, viz, uplink transmitter, transponder in the satellite and downlink receiver which can be conveniently placed in the laboratory. The Satellite can be placed at an elevated, position if needed. The Satellite Transponder receives signal from Uplink Transmitter and retransmits at different frequencies to a Downlink Receiver. The Uplink and Downlink frequencies are selectable and can have variety of signals such as Video, Audio, Voice, Tone, Data and Telemetry (Temperature and Light intensity). The Operating manual illustrates basic theory and glossary of Satellite Communication terms along with Experiments. Then a live demonstration of as to how communication of audio, video and various other signals through satellite takes place was given. The students showed lot of interest in the lab work and were elated in witnessing communication through Satcom trainer.
CAD LAB: The students were given hands on training in CAD-computer aided design lab about Designing of machine elements, CNC machine tools, robotics, Panel design and circuit layout, Mapping ,building plans, contour plotting and structural drawing and Interior design and modelling. The students were given explanations on the absolute and polar co-ordinates, angular dimensions and by layer and command lines. The students were informed about the advantages of CAD in brief including the productivity of the designer, improvement of design quality Easier design, calculation and analysis, quicker rate producing drawings, more accuracy of drawings, colour graphics is possible. The students were made familiar with the different AUTOCAD window and their contents.
Visit to Botanical Garden:
Tau Devi Lal Bio-Diversity & Botanical garden is located at Sector 52-A Gurgaon. Many students had seen its entrance but never visited the garden. It was quite foggy and the visibility was at most 30-40 feet. When students reached to the garden there were already many people inside. The garden is well maintained and covers a large area. There are many sections dedicated to different species of plant and tree. There were not many flowers (maybe due to the season) but students saw many varieties of tree. The plant species there made them enthusiastic about Research and development into plant taxonomy and genetics, photochemistry, useful properties, informing selection of plants that can withstand degraded and changing environments (especially important in face of the threats posed by climate change). Education is a strength of botanic gardens that allows them to communicate the importance of conserving plants, reaching out to diverse audiences, and also to communicate how this may be achieved.
The next day of the program started with the enthusiastic lecture of Prof. (Dr.) M. Sengupta, Principal KIIT College of Education, on the topic “Man and Science”. He emphasized on the knowledge of making science more useful to mankind, to make it precisely for benefitting the society. Earlier science was treated as natural philosophy. Later on when science developed it came into the current form. Dr. Sengupta told that if the mind act and think in scientific way then only it will be more useful for the society. He said that earlier it was known as “SantoshamPaarmamSukham” but nowadays it is said that if you are satisfied you cannot progress. For a balanced personality it is required to keep a proper mixing of knowledge and qualities. Nehru ji said that “Role of Science in India should be to fight poverty, to fight disease, to fight evil thoughts. Our cultural prosperity, our spirituality should be assembled with science.
He related his topic with the saying of Swami Vivekanand “Knowledge is that to see unity in diversity” He further asked students not to take rest till they achieve goals. Science is interesting subject which makes the mind rational. Scientific mind is that which is opened always to the world to accept new ideas. Nowadays world is a family but to stop increasing the number of crimes, scientific temperament is the requirement of today. The injustice, prejudices can be eradicated when we develop scientific temperament. We worship Tulsi and Peepal tree because of its virtues and their medicinal properties. We should develop sustainability. As VinobaBhave said “A true scientific society is one in which houses will be developed of one story not ten”. We should not blindly follow the western countries but should develop our technologies according to our own requirements. He guided the students to think innovatively to develop research in our own country and that our ideas be original keeping the benefit of mankind. In Indian culture we talk about ParamVidya, the higher knowledge which is confined to intellectual processes, which crosses the borders of senses of knowledge and helps to discover one self. Today’s science is known as AparaVidya. Man should have ‘Trans-empirical dimension’ and that is accepted for spiritual development.
Prof. Dr. S.K Aggarwal, Principal KIIT College of Engineering, told students in his Lecture on ‘Green Chemistry’ that science and knowledge is useless if it could not solve our problems. He discussed about the Greenhouse gases and their requirement. He also discussed briefly that there are side effects of these gases and that if there is increased concentration of these gases then these may prove hazardous. He introduced the term green technology. The field of "green technology" encompasses a continuously evolving group of methods and materials, from techniques for generating energy to non-toxic cleaning products. The present expectation is that this field will bring innovation and changes in daily life of similar magnitude to the "information technology" explosion over the last two decades. In these early stages, it is impossible to predict what "green technology" may eventually encompass. Examples of green technology subject areas as
Energy: Perhaps the most urgent issue for green technology, this includes the development of alternative fuels, new means of generating energy and energy efficiency.
Green building: Green building encompasses everything from the choice of building materials to where a building is located.
Environmentally preferred purchasing: This government innovation involves the search for products whose contents and methods of production have the smallest possible impact on the environment, and mandates that these be the preferred products for government purchasing.
Green chemistry: The invention, design and application of chemical products and processes to reduce or to eliminate the use and generation of hazardous substances.
Green nanotechnology: Nanotechnology involves the manipulation of materials at the scale of the nanometer, one billionth of a meter. Some scientists believe that mastery of this subject is forthcoming that will transform the way that everything in the world is manufactured. "Green nanotechnology" is the application of green chemistry and green engineering principles to this field.
After a tea break summary of the Inspire Science Internship camp was given by Dr. S.K. Aggarwal, Principal KIIT College Of Engineering. With this he gave his best wishes to students to obtain scientific pursuits in future.
Valedictory session started at 1.00 p.m. with the valedictory lecture of the chief Guest of today’s function Dr. A. Mukhopadyhay , Scientist G and In charge of INSPIRE camp DST gave his valedictory lecture. He said that It has been a little time of about 6 years after initiation of the Inspire programme but KIIT has well-arranged all the camps since then. He said that DST is Government organization and we have to depend on academic institutions for the implementation of any scheme from paper to frame. The energy of the organization, mentors and DST is now reaping their benefits. He congratulated all the students who got a chance to attend this camp but also suggested them to be down to earth and share their knowledge with those students who could not attend this camp. He also asked students to maintain their integrated format and the unity they showed in the camp, to remain in contact with each other even after the camp is over. He insisted to become a good human being which is very necessary to develop mankind in science. DST nurtures all the intellects and provides a scope to eradicate their confusions. One should continuously ask questions from oneself and try to find solutions in scientific manner. This will lead to a scientific scenario. This programme is only to provide interactive platform in holistic manner. He also said that Forensic is an upcoming science and students should find out their area of interest.
After this the dignitaries released the CD of Inspire Science camp.
Dr. Neelima Kmarah, Registrar KIIT College of Engineering, who has very beautifully explained the childhood life of Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam, our former President, who was born on - 15 October 1931 in - Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu, India. Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen “A. P. J.” Abdul Kalam was a scientist and engineer, who served as the President of India from 2002 to 2007. Already a highly accomplished and much respected individual when elected to be the president, Kalam had spent four decades as a scientist and science administrator at several prestigious organizations like the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO). Born into a family of humble means in Tamil Nadu, Kalam went on to study aerospace engineering in Madras Institute of Technology. His initial dream was to become a fighter pilot but he failed to qualify for the Indian Air Force. He then started working at the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) as a scientist and was later transferred to the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO). Eventually he was appointed as the Chief Scientific Adviser to the Prime Minister and in this position he played a key role in the Pokharan II nuclear tests. He became the President of India in 2002 and was known as the People's President. He left the office after serving one term and became professor of Aerospace Engineering at Anna University and a visiting professor at several other institutions. Dr. Neelima explained his Childhood & Early Life relating the struggle and inquisitiveness which led him to the stairs of success. She said that Abdul Kalam was born as the youngest of five children of a Muslim boat owner named Jainulabudeen and his wife Ashiamma, in Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu. His ancestors had once been wealthy traders though his family lost much of its fortunes by the early 20th century. Kalam grew up in humble surroundings and had to take up a job while he was still in school in order to augment his family’s meagre income—he distributed newspapers to help his father in providing for the family. He was a bright young boy, blessed with a thirst for knowledge and was always eager to learn new things. He completed his schooling from Ramanathapuram Schwartz Matriculation School and proceeded to study physics at the Saint Joseph's College, Tiruchirappalli, from where he graduated in 1954. Then he studied aerospace engineering in Madras Institute of Technology, graduating in 1960. His childhood ambition was to become a fighter pilot but he narrowly missed achieving his dream.
After completing his studies he joined the Aeronautical Development Establishment of the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) as a scientist. One of the first projects he worked on was to design a small helicopter for the Indian Army. He also got the opportunity to work with the renowned space scientist, Vikram Sarabhai as a part of the INCOSPAR committee. However, Kalam was not much satisfied with his career at the DRDO.
Kalam was transferred to the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) in 1969 as the project director of India's first Satellite Launch Vehicle (SLV-III). An expandable rocket project on which he had started working independently in 1965 got the government’s approval for expansion in 1969. Over the next several years he developed the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) and SLV-III projects, both of which proved to be successful. In the 1970s he also worked on the development of ballistic missiles from the technology of the successful SLV program and directed the projects Project Devil and Project Valiant which were aimed at producing a short-range surface-to-air missile. Even though the projects were discontinued in 1980 without achieving full success, they earned Kalam great respect and admiration from the scientific fraternity.
In 1980s, the government decided to initiate an advanced missile program under his directorship and thus the Integrated Guided Missile Development Program (IGMDP) was launched with Kalam as the chief executive. The program which aimed at the research and development of a comprehensive range of missiles started in 1982-83. Under the guidance of Kalam, several missiles including Agni, an intermediate range ballistic missile and Prithvi, the tactical surface-to-surface missile, were developed.
Mr. Yashvardhanof KV 1 said that we are sparked with the new ideas that are innovative and creative. The camp was full of inspirational lectures of mathematics, chemistry and especially forensic science. Lab sessions were interesting. I wish my heartiest thanks to DST and KIIT College for inviting us in such a supreme environment.
Ms. Puja from VidyaNilkjetan paid thanks to KIIT for being supportive. She said that although she has chosen Medical field but will guide to her friends that they should continue their engineering and make a successful career with KIIT as the labs are well sophisticated and infrastructure is very good. Students are filled with new experiences.
Mr. Dayanidhi from S. N. Sidheshwar remarked that he learnt a lot form the programme. Quad copter and Security system detector were impressive. He also thanked KIIT for providing a platform to join such an enthusiastic camp. He also liked the infrastructure of college.
Ms. Jyoti from Gyaandeep remarked that the inspirational lectures actually inspired us giving a meaning to INSPIRE camp. The camp has made us think about every aspect more scientifically. Dr. Neelima Kamrah’s lecture on chemistry was very interesting.
Ms. Pooja Patel form GSSS said that we have learnt a lot from the lectures and much more other than books. We are motivated towards our goal and came to know the opportunities that one can have. She liked the infrastructure of college and the hospitality the fraternity showed.
Ms. Vipra form GGSSS Sohna said that my confusion is all eradicated about my future and I now know the path to follow. She said that now after joining the camp I am aware of the future. She liked the lab of college and the love that college showed.
Ms. Richa Singh from Vidya Niketan said it was a nice, educative and informative camp and as interesting as earlier camps. Role of science and health was beautifully explained by Dr. Neelima, scientific approach towards subjects were really interesting. KIIT also has good sophisticated labs.
Ms. Meena form GGSSS Jacobpura congratulated KIIT to introduce a well-defined, well managed and well-arranged programme. The lectures were excellent. The fraternity also showed the enthusiasm that was wonderful. She would suggest her students of Maths branch to join KIIT for engineering.
Ms. Vandana from S.N. Sidheshwar said the camp was motivating, inspiring and our students loved to attend the camp even after there was a function in school. Students have been deliberately inspired by the lectures and every year she would like to be mentor of the students that would be invited for INSPIRE.
Next in series was the distribution of certificates to the students. The students were distributed certificates to the students. They were very excited while receiving the certificates.
Prof. Dr. S.S. Aggarwal, Director General KIIT Group of Institutions presented Vote of Thanks.
The third day of the INSPIRE Science Internship camp started with the interactive session which was held on learning mathematics with Prof. S.N. Chibber, retired Principal from Directorate of Education, and Secretary, Delhi Associate of Mathematics teachers, a resource person with NCERT, SCERT and CBSE. He shared his vast experience of teaching Mathematics with the students and also taught tricks to make classroom teaching interesting. He gave a very interesting talk on the aspects of Mathematics in day to day life using very simple rules of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division. Through his educative lectures students became familiar with the difference in external appearance of glasses and their volumes which are being used in homes and hotels .Using very simple techniques he explained differential and integration equations, calculations of the largest number and the smallest number divisible by 2,3,4,5,6,8,9. He also explained very lucidly the determination of complex figure areas by simple squaring and addition of numbers. His lecture made students very keen to learn mathematics, develop interest and apply the subject in every aspect of life. He also correlated mathematics with biological sciences giving very simple examples of medicinal dose taken by patients.
This was followed by lecture of Prof K.K. Bhasin, Professor in the Department of Chemistry and Centre of Advanced Studies in Chemistry, Punjab University, and Fellow of the National Academy of Sciences, India. He has seminal contributions to the Chemistry include that of Organosulphur, Selenium and Tellurium compounds. Dr. Bhasin is a recipient of prestigious Commonwealth Fellowship Award, Science Research Council fellowship (U.K) and DAAD fellowship (Germany). He gave a lecture on “Civilization: Man’s relationship with Materials” which was based on the application of materialistic chemistry in the society that has ingrained well and is overlooked or under appreciated. He explained with an example of lead pencil which has been used since a long time and is a part of our education, but had been rarely thought of as such what material has been used to prepare it? How much concentration of lead may be present in it?
Then he explained periodic table which includes 118 elements out of which two has not yet been discovered.
He stated that generally all elements are named after the death of scientists but one element is named when the scientist was alive and that is Seaborg with atomic mass 106. Grignard Reagent (RMgX) was named after scientist Victor Grignard and has been used to prepare a number of compounds. He then moved to the explanation of another compound NH4NO3 which is a very unique molecule, also used as fertilizer and a highly hygroscopic compound. He related the hygroscopic nature with a story in which a large amount of NH4NO3 was being shipped to Texas city. Due to hygroscopic nature the compound was coated with wax. Someone in the ship dropped a burnt cigarette near the NH4NO3 box and it caught fire which resulted in the death of about 500 people. With this story he explained the reaction between NH4NO3 and hydrocarbon fuel which forms the basis of crude bombs that had been prepared in Russia and also used during the blasts of Bombay and Bihar. He explained the Redox reactions by the ionic nature of compound. Then he gave introduction about the Memory metal ‘NINITOL (Nickel Titanium Naval Ordinance Laboratory)’ a fatigue resistant alloy for missile nose and that its discovery was the best example of Serendipity (discovery by chance). He included small explanatory notes on Reinforced cement as a revolution in modern architecture and the introduction of Chromium and Nickel as impurity to develop photogrey glasses. He also explained chemistry of soda azide (NaN3), a versatile compound, and shock sensitive and because of the property it finds its use in air bags, white wash and lime light.
The students solved their queries such as the working of soda azide by chemical reactions and also about the comparison of white wash and distemper to be used in houses. Bhasin Sir satisfactorily solved the queries of students.
The students had a break after the session for tea.
The next section continued with the lecture by Dr. Sampat Kumar Tandon, Pro-Vice-Chancellor, University of Delhi (2005 onwards), on the topic ‘Science- A Global Enterprise’ Dr. Sampat has pioneering contributions in physical stratigraphy and sedimentology, geomorphology and quaternary geology with reference to the Indian regions. His presentation was on the topic of “Exploration in Earth and Planetary Sciences”. He explained about the rovers and satellites that have been launched and as well as in process of launching to detect the traces of life on planet Mars. He explained Martian sedimentology including soil sciences and water traces. Through the rover such as sojourner , spirit/ opportunity and curiosity launched on mars since 2000, the scientific agencies such as NASA has been able to detect the chances of life on Mars through the material brought by them. He also explained the configuration of the rovers which includes number of instruments almost equal to that of big machine, 17cameras and much more. He gave a diagram to give the overview about the entry, descent and landing of rovers onto mars. He also explained the unpooling of electrical and communication cables before landing of rovers on the planet. He also briefly discussed about the Mars Orbiter Mission of India, also called Mangalyaan, a space probe orbiting Mars since 24 September 2014. It was launched on 5 November 2013 by the Indian Space Research Organisation. He explained the basic differences between the NASA’S Maven and India’s Mangalyaan Mars Orbital mission (MOM) which include the different payloads packages, as befitting their separate objectives. MOM's instruments are mainstream, broad spectrum, and intended to give ISRO experience at measuring different types of planetary data ranging from atmospheric to surface morphology. MAVEN's instruments are all focused on upper atmosphere and are cutting edge, measuring to greater limits, sensitivity, and accuracy than previous missions.
He also motivated the students with the biographies of various Indian scientists whose research had been published in the journal ‘Nature’ and ‘Science’.
Students asked various questions regarding the time limit of landing rovers on any planet, difference between rovers and probes and of what material the tyres of rovers are made.
The laboratory session included the forensic sciences section in Chemistry Lab of KIIT college of Engineering where Ms. Kanudeep Kaur from Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur Khalsa College of University of Delhi elucidated about the development of finger prints on papers using Silver nitrate solution and Ninhydrin solutions. She started with the types of markings on hand and that there are three types of fingerprints i.e. arches, loops and whorls which are different for each and every individual. There are 85 characters on fingertip out of which 8 are to be detected to identify a person. She gave a brief lecture regarding the obtaining of finger prints on the paper and other uneven surfaces. Using charcoal and iodine crystals she gave a live demonstration about the developing of finger prints. The students found the lab session very interactive and were keen to develop their own fingerprints. All the students were given some graphics as to categorize the various demarcations in a fingerprint.
After this the students enjoyed cultural evening in which the students of KIIT College of Engineering presented dance. The participants had an enthralling response towards the cultural programme. The evening was a huge success, filled with music, dancing, crafts, food & drink.
Games such as chess, carom board, badminton were held where children proudly participated. Everyone enjoyed taking part in drumming workshops, which provided a perfect background beat. A troupe of dancers showed off their steps. Craft stalls enabled children to make friendship bracelets and choose a bindi to wear. Students enjoyed a lot with the hip-hop performances and bhangra dance. Students among the participants also participated in singing where they sung old songs of Kishore Kumar, Md. Rafi as well as songs of KK and Honey Singh. Some of them also acted in the mimicry event where they acted the personalities as Devanand, Shahrukh Khan and many other heroes. Food and drink from around the world was donated and available to try, including various fruits and juices, pavlova, bhajis, samosas and Caribbean snacks, to name but a few!
Sunday, 23 August 2015
Science Camp Internship Programme by KIIT group of Colleges
The morning session started at 9.30 A.M. with the lecture of Prof. Dr. S. S. Aggrawal, Director General KIIT.
He deliberately spoke on topic “Speech Science and Technology for Human- Machine Communication”. He started his talk with the simple definitions of speech defining the words as Pitch, Frequency and rhythm. He spoke that the speech of a person could tell many things as the gender, message, language, emotions and many more. He showed the graphs related to the vowels and explained how the crests and troughs are formed in graphs with the change of words depending on the pitch, intensity and rhythm of words. He explained the use of Spectrogram a device showing the characteristics of speech with the intensity of time. Our audible range is 20Hz to 20000 Hz. Voice beyond this can make oneself deaf. At low frequency high intensity is required to hear a word. If a person who could just hear the words of definite range it is called speech intelligibility which means one could gain the information through hearing. The areas of speech processing were explained including the field as coding, synthesis and speech, speaker recognition and speech translation.
Students asked many questions regarding the topic as ‘May we hear the talk that are going on inside?’ Director Sir explained that it is a part of thinking. If one could speak up the thought then it could be heard and spectrogram helps us in viewing the words.
Another student asked that ‘Why can’t we hear chips eating by others but we can hear ours?’
Director Sir answered that there is a system called internal bone conduction which helps us in hearing such voices.
After this an interesting session was carried out by Prof Maithili Sharan Ji, Ph.D from IIT Delhi and Bhatnagar Awardees. Dr. S.K. Aggarwal welcomed Prof. Maithili Sharan Ji with a Bouquet.
His topic was ‘Mathematics application to the Problems relevant to the Society’. He involved the various fields of day to day life as cricket sports, satellite, space, communication and marketing. The involvement of mathematics in the field of marketing was explained as Marketing is maths and advertising is a vital component of marketing. It does not just about understand your target audience and how to reach them; it’s about knowing how much money it takes to get your message out. It’s about data, formulas, statistics, analytics, correlations, patterns, predictive modeling and testing. The motion of objects is governed by Newton's laws. The same simple laws that govern the motion of objects on earth also extend to the heavens to govern the motion of planets, moons, and other satellites. The mathematics that describes a satellite's motion is the same mathematics presented for circular motion. Mathematics and banking are very similar in a certain way. Banks holds a huge amount of money, with any miscalculation could create many problems. So if we ever wanted to work at a bank we must have firm grasp of math skills in order to do our job well. He also well explained the application of mathematics in the medical field as essentiality of Functional numeracy to an aspiring medical professional. As a physician, perhaps the most important mathematical skills one will need are:
1. Basic mathematical knowledge sufficient to calculate drug doses, concentrations, etc.
2. An understanding of the core statistical concepts most commonly represented in the medical literature.
3. Knowledge of algebra to understand calculations of acid–base status, etc.
4. Ability to appreciate whether or not results are mathematically plausible.
Students asked questions regarding the centre of circle which was explained very clearly to them using equations. Another student asked question regarding the maths in sleep. Maithili Sharan ji explained him that various metabolic rates decrease in sleep which is a sign of mathematics involved in sleep.
After a tea break next Session was chaired by Prof. Pawan Kapoor, Adjuvant Professor at KIIT College Of Engineering, a renowned personality in the field of “Measurement Science and Instrumentation” on the topic “ Fascinating world Of Measurement Science”. He said that on a baseline level, measurements fall into the categories of weight, area, volume, length and even temperature. While we look at these various categories as stoic forms of mathematical measurements a closer examination of things we do in everyday life reveals their clear importance.
Taking proper medicine-during an illness (whether serious or minor) one need to take medicine in the proper amount. If taken too little or too much then one cannot get the proper benefit from it.
Playing sports- The importance of measurements may not necessarily reveal itself when one play sports but it is there in a big way. If one want to throw a runner out at first or make a 30 yard touchdown pass then one need to be accurate and comes from a clear sense of depth and distance.
Keeping warm or cool- If the temperature outside dips or increases we have to make an adjustment on our thermostat in order to remain at a safe and healthy temperature. Understanding the measurement scale of a thermostat is critical in this regard or else we may find you feeling rather uncomfortable.
Telling time- The ability to tell time is all based on measurement principles. Whether we are using a digital clock or an hourglass these devices measure the passage of time. Now, imagine how chaotic the world would be if it was impossible to measure the passage of time.
Transportation- How much weight is too much for a plane to take off or a car to move efficiently? How much fuel is needed to reach a certain point and how long will it take to get somewhere? Yes, measurements play a significant part in transportation.
Measurement has been a basic part of all sciences which could bring all the branches of science as agriculture, health, nuclear science together. Nature has created fascinating creations and one could nurture the nature by involvement of Science. He insisted the students to occupy the fields of Agriculture Sciences, Nuclear sciences, so that nature may be benefited by the power of technology.The students had some queries as ‘disaster like cyclone could be detected but earthquake could not?’ Sir explained that earthquake introduces two types of wave P and R wave which can be detected and one could read the frequency of earthquake on reactor scale. He also said that any natural disaster cannot be beholder. One could only try to prevent oneself.
The students then moved to lunch after which they were made familiar with the laboratories and projects in the KIIT College of Engineering. The students were divided into 4 groups
A, B, C, D irrespective of their schools. They were taken to the Chemistry, Mechanical, electronics, Computer Labs where they were given demonstration of various practicals and working of the projects. It was highly beneficial to students as they enthusiastically and keenly visited all labs and performed some of the experiments by themselves in guidance of the lab in charges and faculties. The working of instruments in labs was shown to the students preparing them for future.
ELECTRONICS PROJECT LAB: Demonstration of Electronics project based on latest technology. We gave a demo of:
i) Quad Copter- Drone (Human less machine). It is a machine based on embedded system technology. It is commonly used in various applications like video recording, disaster management information. Other projects shown to students were solar tracker system- this application using solar energy as the main resource of electricity for home, industries etc.
ii) Laser show project- Through this application various patterns are generated used for decoration in event management.
iii) Android based Robo- Line follower and obstacle avoiding robot was demonstrated. This robo used android technology for its control.
ENGINEERING CHEMISTRY LAB: The students visited chemistry lab in which the major equipment's were shown to the students as Distillation plant, muffle furnace, electric oven, electronic balance, and colorimeter. They were informed about the experiments based on different types of volumetric analysis such as acid-base, precipitation, complexometric, redox titrations and molecular weight determination of polymer using viscometric method. The major objective behind this was to make students practically realize various kinds of volumetric analysis used in testing substances like water, cement, alloys etc. Other than this they were also told about the experiments based on water analysis, proximate analysis of coal, colorimetric estimations. Students realized various steps involved in water analysis and significance of coal analysis in grading the coal, as well as application of colorimeter in medical field. The demonstration included experimentation of preparing urea-formaldehyde resin by students. They were made aware of the importance of urea formaldehyde, its formation and reaction. The students prepared the resin through the procedure as explained. They were introduced with the various equipment such as pH meter, distillation plant, TDS meter and Penskey Martin’s apparatus used in the lab.
ENGINEERING PHYSICS LAB: The students in physics lab were taught about the formation of Newton’s ring formed as a result of interference of light waves. The variation of magnetic field was determined experimentally. They were shown the experimental apparatus of Cathode ray oscilloscope through which they prepared B-H curve and studied the hysteresis loop. They were informed about the Cathode Ray tube which is the main part of Cathode Ray oscilloscope. They were also taught the Voltage/ current (V-I) characteristics of p-n junction diode which was helpful in reconciling their basis of physical sciences and the terms mentioned in their syllabus. The laboratory facilities to perform undergraduate level experiments in optics, ultrasonic, electricity, semiconductor physics and electronics were clearly demonstrated to students. Optical instruments mainly including spectrometers, mercury and sodium vapour lamps, lasers and polarimeters – which are used in the studies of interference, diffraction patterns and phenomenon of polarization were also demonstrated. The students also studied characteristics of various semiconductor diodes and other semiconductor devices such as solar cells. Several CROs, set up to synthesize nano particles and study the Hall effect.
SPORT SESSION: During the games session the students played chess, carom board, playing cards and had very memorable moments. After the indoor games the students visited Nehru Stadium after lunch on August 11, 2015. The stadium cater to several sports – like Hockey, Gymnastics, Lawn Tennis, Volley Ball, Handball, Corp Ball, Basket Ball, Football, Cricket, Athletics, Wrestling, Badminton and many others. All the pitches, courts and other sports areas have been designed as per national level standards. The students had fun and mesmerizing moments with this session.
Innovation in science pursuit for Inspired Research (INSPIRE) is an innovative program sponsored and managed by the Department of Science & Technology for attraction of talent to science. The basic objective of Inspire is to communicate to the youth of the country the excitements of creative pursuit of science, attract talent to the study of science at an early age and thus build the required critical human resource pool for strengthening and expanding the science & technology system and R&D base. With the same objective in mind KIIT (Vidyapati Sansthan) initiated the effort with the all the support from the DST in the year 2012 and have been since then successfully taking it further. We are glad and privileged to announce and conduct the third INSPIRE Science Camp 2015 program in our campus.
Vidyapati Sansthan, a registered educational society was established in 1969 with an objective of imparting quality education which transforms our new generation youth into meaningful citizen of the country. KIIT being the followers of Gandhian philosophy awaken the students and make them believe the higher values of simplicity enjoined with the needs of complete understanding of the modern scientific technology.
Every camp is incomplete without its participants. In this camp also, around 200 students participated from around 12 schools.
The Inaugural session started at 9:30 am with lamp lightening and seeking the blessings of Goddess Saraswati by the dignitaries. Dr. S. S.Agrawal Director General, KIIT Groups of Colleges presented the welcome address. He discussed about the importance of Science as we depend on Technology nowadays. He introduced about Vidyapathi Sansthan to the guests and students. He said that Excellence and Education are the keys which if a person adopts, and then nobody can stop him by growing to the heights. KIIT follows Gandhian value system religiously. He quoted “Technology without spiritual life is blind” and we should not forget the values. He introduced the Audience with all the Guests and suggested the students to interact with all these Eminent Scientists and experts to get the maximum benefit of this camp and get inspired by them.
In his welcome speech Dr. S S Aggarwal, urged the budding scientists to develop a scientific temper like APJ Abdul Kalam Azad, who despite his humble beginning rose to the highest post of DRDO.
In his lecture he briefed the benefits of camp as to following subjects under Basic and Natural Sciences are within the scope of INSPIRE Scholarship for pursuing BSc/BS/Int. MSc/Int. MS course: (1) Physics, (2) Chemistry, (3) Mathematics, (4) Biology, (5) Statistics, (6) Geology, (7) Astrophysics, (8) Astronomy, (9) Electronics, (10) Botany, (11) Zoology, (12) Bio-chemistry, (13) Anthropology, (14) Microbiology, (15) Geophysics, (16) Geochemistry, (17) Atmospheric Sciences & (18) Oceanic Sciences. The student must be enrolled into the aforementioned BSc, BS, Int. MSc/Int.MS courses before applying for INSPIRE Scholarship. The scholarship is valued at Rs. 80,000/- per annum. Each candidate will receive annual scholarship total value of Rs. 60,000/- in cash. All the SHE scholars are required to undertake summer research projects under an active researcher in any recognized research centres across India. A summer time attachment fee of Rs. 20,000/- will be paid as Mentorship every year. Selected candidates will be supported for a maximum period of five years, starting from the 1st year BSc, BS, Int. MSc/Int.MS or until the completion of the course, whichever is earlier.
Continuation of the scholarship for the selected candidates is based on good academic performance in the examinations conducted by the University and upon the recommendation by the Head of the Institution. One can apply for the scholarship through online or offline modes.
Dr. Krishan Lal
Dr. Krishan Lal
Dr. Krishan lal, Chief Guest, presented his Inaugural speech. Dr. Krishan lal was President of Indian National Science Academy, Allahabad. He was a member of APAM (1997) and President, International Crystallographic Association (ICA) (2003-07). He received S.K.Mitra Birth Centenary Gold Medal of Indian Science Congress Association (ISCA)(2007).He worked at the IBM Watson Research centre (1971-72) and was visiting professor at the University of Tokyo. He was also a visiting professor at IIT Delhi and Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi. He gave his inaugural lecture on ‘Crystallography’ as is the experimental science of determining the arrangement of atoms in the crystalline solids (see crystal structure). The word "crystallography" derives from the Greek words crystalline "cold drop, frozen drop", with its meaning extending to all solids with some degree of transparency. In July 2012, the United Nations recognised the importance of the science of crystallography by proclaiming that 2015 would be the International Year of Crystallography. X-ray crystallography is used to determine the structure of large bio molecules such as proteins.
Before the development of X-ray diffraction crystallography, the study of crystals was based on physical measurements of their geometry. This involved measuring the angles of crystal faces relative each other and to theoretical reference axes (crystallographic axes), and establishing the symmetry of the crystal in question. This physical measurement is carried out using a goniometer. Crystallographic methods now depend on analysis of the diffraction patterns of a sample targeted by a beam of some type. X-rays are most commonly used; other beams used include electrons or neutrons. This is facilitated by the wave properties of the particles. Crystallographers often explicitly state the type of beam used, as in the terms X-ray diffraction, neutron diffraction and electron diffraction. These three types of radiation interact with the specimen in different ways. X-rays interact with the spatial distribution of electrons in the sample.
Electrons are charged particles and therefore interact with the total charge distribution of both the atomic nuclei and the electrons of the sample.
Neutrons are scattered by the atomic nuclei through the strong nuclear forces, but in addition, the magnetic moment of neutrons is non-zero. They are therefore also scattered by magnetic fields. When neutrons are scattered from hydrogen-containing materials, they produce diffraction patterns with high noise levels. However, the material can sometimes be treated to substitute deuterium for hydrogen.
Because of these different forms of interaction, the three types of radiation are suitable for different crystallographic studies. Some materials that have been analyzed using crystallography, such as proteins, do not occur naturally as crystals. Typically, such molecules are placed in solution and allowed to slowly crystallize through vapour diffusion. A drop of solution containing the molecule, buffer, and precipitants is sealed in a container with a reservoir containing a hygroscopic solution. Water in the drop diffuses to the reservoir, slowly increasing the concentration and allowing a crystal to form. If the concentration were to rise more quickly, the molecule would simply precipitate out of solution, resulting in disorderly granules rather than an orderly and hence usable crystal.
Once a crystal is obtained, data can be collected using a beam of radiation. Although many universities that engage in crystallographic research have their own X-ray producing equipment, synchrotrons are often used as X-ray sources, because of the purer and more complete patterns such sources can generate. Synchrotron sources also have a much higher intensity of X-ray beams, so data collection takes a fraction of the time normally necessary at weaker sources. Complementary neutron crystallography techniques are used to identify the positions of hydrogen atoms, since X-rays only interact very weakly with light elements such as hydrogen.
Producing an image from a diffraction pattern requires sophisticated mathematics and often an iterative process of modelling and refinement.
The students and the dignitaries then moved for lunch. After the lunch all were gathered in Sir. C.V.Raman auditorium where Dr. Neelima Kamrah presented her lecture on the topic”……..” where she informed the students about the application of science especially chemistry in day to day life. She started with the simple framing of the articles of daily life involving the chemical structures and some other objects. As for example using the Meta derivative of benzene structure, bowl and –list she created the word metabolism. The students cheered and participated in the other word frames. She also told students that chemistry is involved in each and every aspect of our body. When we cry Tears produced during emotional crying have a chemical composition which differs from other types of tears. They contain significantly greater quantities of the hormones prolactin, adrenocorticotropic hormone, Leu-enkephalin and the elements potassium and manganese. Stress hormones such as cortisol are released. Crying is what is called a distress vocalization shown in animals that are mobile and dependent. She informed students that green vegetables contain chlorophyll which could be prevented during cooking if we keep the vegetable in boiled water containing a pinch of salt. Then she demonstrated activities such as making of hand sanitizer which could be prepared using isopropanol, essential oil and aloe-Vera gel. Other than this scholastic activity she also made students know how to keep their passwords secret by writing them with invisible ink made of lemon juice and that could be made visible after heating the paper. Another activity demonstrated was that of determination of formalin as adulterant that is added to the milk for preserving it. The session was highly appreciated by the students who gave their standing ovation. Dr. Vimla Yadav assisted her in demonstrating the activities.
After this enthusiastic session Dr SK Aggarwal, Principal of the college encouraged the audience in his interactive session to try to find newer-different solutions in their day to day life and thus make innovations. He said that the Inspire camp should catalyze them to scientific temper and should also culminate into their becoming eminent scientists over the long professional research careers. He also said about the benefits of the camp. He said that scholarship for Higher Education (SHE) is a component scheme under Innovation in Science Pursuit for Inspired Research (INSPIRE), which is a flagship programme of the Department of Science and Technology (DST), under the Ministry of Science and Technology, Government of India. It aims to engage young talents for the study of Science and Technology and pursue research as a career and to augment youth to undertake higher education in Science intensive courses by providing scholarships to deserving students. Under this scheme SHE, 10,000 scholarships, each valued at Rs. 80,000/- are announced annually for students pursuing Bachelors and Masters level courses in Basic and Natural Sciences.
He paid his Vote of thanks with the words that we all must be aware of how many inventions are taking place these days and how many of them are we aware of. He asked the students about the place where most of the inventions take place.
The break was given after this interactive session for tea. When the students collected again in the auditorium after the break they were shown a science movie named ‘origin of earth’ that was followed by a quiz dependent on the movie. The quiz included questions as the age of earth, the formation of clouds, sequence of originating life and many more. The students found the movie beneficial as they came to know about their environment and the earth. The session ended with the students moving for dinner.